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Canada Plumbers. How to become a Plumber in Canada?

Plumber Canada

How to become a Plumber in Canada?

Plumbers perform repairs, installation, and maintenance of piping systems in residential and commercial buildings. A plumber in Canada usually works 40 hours a week. An average wage for a Canadian plumber ranges from $50,000 to $75,000. However, it could take many years of to reach that income levels. Plumber’s work is a physically labor and it typically involves indoor and outdoor work.

Plumber’s Path:

  1. Four years of secondary school
  2. Find a plumbing company that will train a new plumber
  3. Complete 9,000 hours of classroom education and on-site training through the apprenticeship program.
  4. Pass the Certification of Qualification trade certification examination.
  5. Take the Red Seal Plumbing Exam, administered by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA).

Must Have Plumbing Tools

Plumbing Tools

Handy must-have-tools for plumbing repair in the house

Toilet Auger/closet auger/water closet auger – A specialized plumbing tool used to clear clogs in toilets.

Sink Auger/drum auger/canister auger – Great plumbing tool for breaking up and clearing clogs in sinks and tubs.

Adjustable Pipe Wrench – it is designed to grip round objects (such as pipes) securely by digging its sharp serrated teeth into the pipe with increasing pressure as the wrench is turned.

Flange Plunger/ball plunger – A specially shaped plunger used to clear clogs in toilets by the applications of vacuum and the force of water.

Cup Plunger – used to clear clogs in sinks, tubs and showers.

Teflon® Tape – must have tool for preventing leakage at plumbing joint connections.

Faucet Valve Seat Wrench – A simple tool used to remove the faucet body valve seat so it may be replaced.

Faucet Valve Reseating Tool/valve seat dresser/valve seat grinder –
It is used to resurface the valve seat in the faucet body if you cannot remove the valve seat or decide not to replace it.

Tubing Cutter – an essential plumbing tool if you are going to be doing any work with copper pipe.

Expert Plumbing – Toronto Plumbing articles.


Important maintenance tips to avoid expensive repairs

It is essential when owning a home to have preventative maintenance, especially for plumbing. From cleaning your showerhead to ensuring a well-maintained and fresh-smelling garbage disposal, the following are some tips to follow so that you save money – either by lessening the condition of a problem or eliminating it in the first place.

1) In the bathroom.

Before you call a Calgary plumber to fix the low water pressure in your showerhead, try cleaning it first. To do this, you take off the shower head and leave it in vinegar overnight. You can also clean the water outlets using a pin. To avoid mildew in the bathroom, keep the fan running and/or leaving a window open when you are running your shower. You should also keep your bathtub and shower stall free of mildew, as this will allow them to dry faster. Wet towels should be washed as soon as possible, so as not to create mildew as well.

 2) In the kitchen.

Want a fresh-smelling garbage disposal? Believe it or not, it is possible. You can clean your garbage disposal by running through cold water and ice cubes – always check your instruction manual first, of course. You can also add a nice scent by adding lemon peels when you are grinding the ice. To ward away burnt hands when using the faucet, you should set the hot water to between 120 and 125 degrees.

 3) Environment.

To keep your pipes from freezing in the winter, you should not only insulate them to keep them warm, but run hot and cold water during the winter as well. You should also use a chemical solution for your pipes to keep away roots, which grow easily in household pipes. Just leave the solution in the pipe overnight and flush in the morning.

 4) In the laundry room.

As mentioned above, wet towels and wet clothes should always be cleaned and dried as soon as possible. The inside of a laundry hamper with wet towels – or a washing machine with wet clothes – is the perfect breeding ground for mildew which in turn can cause mold.

 5) Everywhere else.

To ensure that your house stays dry and free of mold, you should make sure that your basement is well ventilated. If it is not, you can use a dehumidifier to dry the walls, the furnishing and the air. You should also clean and air out your kitchen and bathroom cabinets as much as possible. This is very easy – all you have to do is take out the items that are in the cabinets, and leave the doors open to ventilate. During this time you can also get rid of any expired medication in your bathroom or food in your pantry.


Leaking Basement


Signs your basement could have waterproofing issues:

  • Moldy odors and mold.
  • Peeling paint.
  • White stuff on Concrete Basement Walls
  • Cracks in walls or sconcrete floors
  • Wet basement
  • Concrete dusting
  • Wet areas on Walls
  • Condensation
  • Dry Rot
  • Higher humidity in the basement compare to house

Expert Plumbing – Toronto Plumbing articles.


Basement Waterproofing Inside vs. Outside

Basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside – which is better?  Toronto residents who are troubled by wet basements should give careful thought to the best method of solving the problem.  It is always tempting to take the lowest cost option, but never forget the old adage:  “You get what you pay for.” When choosing your form of basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside, you should choose the best!  Having stated this, sometimes your choices are limited by factors beyond your control.  Your choice may not be as simple as “basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside”!

Sometimes, either due to costs or obstacles outside the home, you may be limited to the choice:  Basement waterproofing – or not.

The two options of basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside are quite different both in cost, and in methods.  In choosing basement waterproofing inside vs. outside, you need to understand how each works.  Outside basement waterproofing entails excavating to expose any buried foundation walls, placing French drains or other exterior drainage structures (where needed), and applying a waterproof membrane to completely seal the outside surface.  Soil is then replaced to fill the excavated area.

In contrast, inside waterproofing requires repairing any cracks, then applying a waterproof membrane (usually a high grade of paint or waterproof plaster) to the inside of the basement walls.  To conceal cracks and irregularities, texture is often added.  The positive side of this approach is that it provides an immediate improvement in appearance – but inside basement waterproofing alone does not prevent water penetrating the concrete.  Inside basement waterproofing, properly done, will seal the inner surface of the wall, stop the leaks and improve the appearance, but beyond the film, the concrete may still be moist.

When making the decision of basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside, you need to understand that basement waterproofing outside stops the problem before water penetrates your home.  Inside basement waterproofing conceals the problem within the walls and floor coverings.  Inside basement waterproofing is the lower cost and less desirable option, but on some occasions (such as when moisture penetration is minimal), it may be a good solution.  In evaluating the question of basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside, you should consult an experienced basement waterproofing contractor.

In some cases, it may be necessary to construct hidden drainage passages beneath floor tiles and behind wall coverings.  These passages will convey the moisture to controlled drainage structures, routing it away from your living quarters.  The choice of basement waterproofing inside vs. outside should be guided by an experienced professional.  Poorly channeled moisture can still be a problem, so it is imperative that inside waterproofing be properly done.  This sort of work should definitely be entrusted only to a basement waterproofing contractor who is willing to provide a written warranty on his work.

If outside structures, such as concrete or asphalt driveways make outside waterproofing impossible, or if the cost of such work is beyond your budget, inside waterproofing may be your only option – in such a case, it is your best option.  Any form of waterproofing is better than none. 

Failure to deal with the problem may endanger the health of your family, or the structural integrity of your home.  Is your choice Basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside?  Or is the choice “waterproofing – or not”?  Choose waterproofing!  You’ll be glad you did.

If your options are basement waterproofing; inside vs. outside – when you have a choice, choose “outside”.  If circumstances or finances prohibit outside waterproofing, don’t let the situation stop you from solving the problem.  Select a contractor who provides a long term, written guarantee, and trust his recommendations for basement waterproofing – inside vs. outside.


Toronto Plumbing Services

Toronto Plumbing

Toronto Plumbing Services.

Plumbing Problems are messy problems that can hit anytime. Some Plumbing Problems are easy to fix, such as the minor clogs and leaks, but the major Plumbing Problems require expert handling.

In major cities like Toronto, where people are busy with their hectic life, emergency Plumbing services have become very popular.

The local newspapers, internet or the yellow pages are a great source to find a reliable plumber in Toronto. Internet is a great knowledge tool that you can use choosing your Toronto Plumber. You can read reviews, compare prices, or download discount coupons for different Toronto Plumbing companies. If you found great plumber in your area always keep their phone numbers with you as plumbing problems could occurring when you are least expected. Before choosing a Toronto plumber, ensure the plumber you choose is a member of organizations that have years of experience in the industry. Furthermore make sure the plumber or plumbing company you choose has a valid license to work.

Toronto Plumbing articles.


Plumbing History

Word Plumbing originated from the Latin word plumbum.  The first plumbing systems appeared in settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 B.C. (Bronze Age civilization located primarily in the western part of the Indian Subcontinentand flourished around the Indus river). Plumbing originated during civilizations such as the Roman, Indian, Greek, Chinese, and Persian civilizations as they were developing public baths and needed to provide drainage of wastes. Improvements of plumbing systems were very slow, with no visible progress made from the time of the Roman plumbing system until the 19th century. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.

Plumbing system in Rome

Rome had a complex sanitation system that worked much like modern ones, but the system and knowledge about it were largely lost during the Dark Ages.

A system of eleven aqueducts provided citizens of Rome with water of varying quality, the best being reserved for potable supplies. Lower quality water was used by everyone in the public baths and latrines much like an early form of modern toilets. The Romans had a complex system of sewers covered by stones, much like modern sewers. Waste flushed from the toilets or latrines flowed through a central channel into the main sewage system and into a nearby river or stream.

Archeologists estimate the first sewers of ancient Rome were built between 800 and 735 B.C. Drainage systems had evolved slowly, and began, primarily, as a means to drain marshes and storm runoff. Over time, the Romans expanded the network of sewers that ran through the city and linked most of them, including some drains, to the Cloaca Maxima, which emptied into the Tiber River.

Around 100 A.D., direct connections of homes to sewers began, and the Romans completed, for the most part, the sewer system infrastructure. Sewers ran throughout the city, serving public and some private latrines, and which also served as dumping grounds for those not fortunate enough to live in a directly-connected home. It was mostly the wealthy whose homes were connected to the sewers, through outlets that ran under an extension of the latrine.

Expert Plumbing – GTA Plumbing articles.


Plumbing Problems

Canada Plumbing

Plumbing in Canada.

Did you know that almost every Canadian was faced with a plumbing problem at least once?

Plumbing has improved since ancient times. Today every home has modern plumbing system. However when Plumbing System fails you need to act fast to avoid major plumbing problems.

How to solve Plumbing Problems? Some Plumbing Tips you should know about.
Small Plumbing leaks can cause big Plumbing problems. Watch out for signs of looming plumbing failures: wet cabinets, Leaking faucets… Leaking faucets aren’t just irritating; Plumbing leaks could cause the growth of mold and mildew.

If your plumbing fails, do you know how to stop the flood?

  • You will need to know the location of the main shut-off valve for the home water supply.
  • You will need to know how to shut off water to toilets, sinks, washing machines, refrigerators, etc.

With some plumbing tools and knowledge, you can handle small plumbing problems in your house. With a plunger, a pipe wrench and a sewer snake in your tool kit, you’ll be able to take care of small plumbing problems such as clogged drains, dripping faucets, blocked toilets, and stuck valves.

Here in Canada, Plumbing problems are also challenged by cold temperatures.

  • You need to know how to keep plumbing safe in cold weather. Best protection is insulation of the plumbing system in the house.
  • Remove exterior hoses, and apply insulating caps to outdoor plumbing fixtures
  • Insulate pipes in the garage and in crawl space

Call a licensed Canadian plumber if you need help!

Here in Canadian Plumbing Directory you can find Plumbers in your area and search for expert advice from your local Plumbing Professionals.


How to Apply Caulk

Caulk is the white or clear rubbery sealant most commonly found where the seam of your bathtub or shower edge meets the walls of your bathroom. Designed to close the gap between the two with a waterproof barrier, it’s a very important component of keeping your tub and bathroom clean and dry. If caulk cracks or peels, a space opens up for water to flow against the wall down where it can’t be reached, forming mold, mildew, or worse. Fixing problems like this can be a nightmare, which is why it’s worth it to keep an eye on your caulk and learn how to caulk a shower so you’ll always be prepared to repair minor caulk shower damage. Before attempting to learn how to caulk a shower, be sure a professional, such as those at Dr. Pipe drain and plumbing, have checked your shower plumbing for leaks so your job isn’t in vain!

Before you begin to apply caulk shower side, choose your variety carefully. Silicone is the most expensive choice, but it’s also the best because it has built-in mildew control that will increase the longevity of your caulking job. The surface you are caulking should be stripped of all existing caulk, cleaned and dried before applying the new caulk. Block out the area you want to caulk by firmly applying two strips of masking or painter’s tape to either side of the small inch or so gap where the caulk will go. Then, using your caulk gun and opened tube of caulk, squeeze a steady, even line of caulk along this space, smoothing with your finger as you go along. Then, strip away the tape before the caulk begins to set and you’ll have nice, clean lines. After applying, follow the directions for not exposing the caulk to water – usually 24 to 36 hours.

Know your equipment! Caulk is usually sold in tubes that work the way a “”push up pop”” ice cream treat does – a disc in the bottom is pushed up through the tube via an instrument called a caulk gun, ensuring the caulk shower ready via an even flow, or “”bead”” in plumber lingo. A caulk gun allows the tube to snap into a metal frame of a gun, which pushes the disc through the tube as the trigger is depressed. To use this pair when learning how to caulk a shower, snip a small piece off the tip of the caulk tube – it should be an opening large enough to make the caulk flow without squeezing too hard, but not so big the caulk flows out freely.


Avoid blocked drains

sink-drainThe first drain cleaning knowledge you can have is to prevent major blockages in your drains. Clogs and blockages are the number one reason for major drain sewer line repairs and they are completely avoidable.

To start, do not put anything down the drain that your system is not designed to handle. Remember that while toilet paper actually dissolves in water over time, other types of paper do not. Napkins, sanitary products and paper towels will remain whole in the sewer or drain system and eventually clog your sewer line.

If you have a child, make sure they do not put any small objects in the drain such as toys, food, or clothing. Even when something actually flushes down the drain, there is a possibility it will get stuck between your home and the final sewer outlet.

In the kitchen, avoid putting any grease or other food waste down the drain. Only use the garbage disposal for things that it can safely break up and run the faucet at the same time as you grind the food. This will ensure that it completely breaks down whatever you place inside before it is flushed through. Grease in particular is a major problem in pipes as it coats the lining and other items can stick to it.